WP 10

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Work package number 10 Type of activity SUPP
Work package title

Service activities: Access to data products and knowledge

Start month 1 End month 48
Lead partner 8

Objectives

WP10 – Service activities: Access to data products and knowledge

This WP provides access to the data products and knowledge derived from most of the observatories which comprise the FixO3 network. This builds on the investments and expertise developed by EuroSITES, ESONET and CARBOOCEAN projects while providing significantly wider geographic coverage.

The FixO3 Services are presented in four main themes for data provision in accordance with the GEOSS tasks:

  • Ocean and Climate,
  • Carbon fluxes and Ocean acidification,
  • Ecosystem function and Biodiversity,
  • Geodynamics and Geohazards.

MODALITY OF DATA ACCESS COMMON TO ALL WP10 INSTALLATIONS:

Data modalities include delivery of data in real time, near-real time and in delayed mode, to allow for a wide range of data products for multidisciplinary use and for derived information including time series ecosystem variables. After harmonization and standardization of data streams (WP4) the flow of data and data products start within the first month of the project with all data on line by month 18. Access to data streams and products offered under WP10 will be presented and publicized using the FixO3 web portal (WP8). All data and data products of the dedicated installations will be freely accessible on the web portal with an associated FixO3 label (WP3). Tools will be installed to allow sustained monitoring of access and use of FixO3 data products. For further information see individual SA descriptions

SUPPORT OFFERED UNDER THIS PROPOSAL TO ALL WP10 INSTALLATIONS AND THEIR USERS:

In order to achieve widespread open access data, a variety of significant and demanding activities are required beforehand. This includes transmission of data from sea to the shore, data quality control, standardization and harmonization, data analyses in case of derived process data, data visualization, data provision to users, publicizing of accessibility and monitoring of use. On all these levels, support is secured by the SA providers, and project-wide integration is realized by WP3-5. For further information see WP4,8 and individual SA descriptions. The SA budgets reflect the efforts needed to generate and provide the services offered under this proposal (e.g., in terms of workload, information and communication technology, and data collection).

OUTREACH OF NEW USERS FOR ALL WP10 INSTALLATIONS:

In close interaction with WP5, 6, 7 and 8, SA will be publicized to a very wide potential user- community. A main outreach tool will be the dedicated FixO3 web portal which will be widely disseminated to make researchers aware of the possibilities open to them. Scientific networking (WP7) will support this outreach as well as the use of social media (WP8). For further information see WP8 and individual SA descriptions

REVIEW PROCEDURE UNDER THIS PROPOSAL FOR ALL WP10 INSTALLATIONS:

Within WP4 the SA access and use will be monitored (D 4.6), and reports on SA procedures, developments, and dissemination and how activities are connected to the user community will be provided at month 20 and
40 (D4.7 & 4.8). These deliverables will be reviewed by the FixO3 Project Steering Committee. To evaluate the general progress with data access and data use, these will be monitored via web tools for access quantification (e.g. counts of www hits; networks of users, geographical and disciplinary preferences of SA use; WP8). In order to safeguard the quality of the provided SAs and their appropriateness to serve the user communites’ needs, FixO3 will set up a Service Activity Panel as an independent international reviewing board. The Service Activity Panel will evaluate the SAs in month 18 and 36 and recommendations will be conveyed to partners and their implementation monitored as part of SA management activities in WP4. The Panel will consist of international experts representing different user groups and scientific communities including representatives of international programmes such as GEOSS, EMSO, ICOS, LifeWatch, SIOS and ELIXIR (networking via WP7).

Description of work and role of partners

Description of work

DESCRIPTION OF THE PROPOSED SERVICE ACTIVITIES (SORTED ACCORDING TO SA-CATEGORY) —————————————————————————————
++ OCEAN PHYSICS AND CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED SERVICE ACTIVITIES ++ —————————————————————————————

SERVICE ACTIVITY 1.1:
FRAM – FRAM STRAIT, ARCTIC: PHYSICAL OCEAN PROPERTIES

Relevance for external users & programs:
This service activity is relevant for GEOSS task “climate”, ARGO and ICOS and forms an important input for assimilation models and for the validation of ocean GCMs and for tidal models.

Web site address: www.awi.de/en/research/research_divisions/climate_science/observational_oceanography/ instruments/moorings/; www.pangaea.de; www.whoi.edu/virtual/oceansites/

Legal name of organization providing the service:

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar- and Marine Research, AWI

Location of organization: Bremerhaven, Germany

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 273,720 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
Temperature, velocity and salinity are measured year-round at a mooring array (currently 12 moorings) covering the entire Fram Strait cross section at 79°N. Additionally, ADCPs are used to obtain high resolution current profiles in the upper water layer. Instruments are exchanged yearly and post-cruise calibration is applied to all temperature and conductivity sensors. The data coverage is extended towards the East Greenland Shelf by ship-borne CTD and ADCP measurements along 79°N during the yearly mooring service cruises. Measurements include temperature, conductivity and O2 over the entire water column at 10-20 km station distance. Additionally, glider missions are carried out in the Eastern Fram Strait down to 1000 m water depth. The raw data are quality checked and converted to temperature, current speed and direction, and salinity. All data described here, including all meta data, are available in the Pangaea data base (http://www.pangaea.de/). The measurements are essential for all research activities that attempt to distinguish natural variation from anthropogenic trends in the North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean. The data have been used for diverse purposes including the assessment of Arctic/Nordic Seas budgets and circulation and the understanding the underlying processes, for assimilation, validation and improvement of models, and as oceanographic background for studies of biological and geochemical processes.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Schauer, U.et al. (2008) Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes, 65-85, Springer Rabe, B.et al. (2009) OCEAN SCI 5, 219-233
Schauer, U. & Beszczynska-Möller, A. (2009) OCEAN SCI 5, 219-233

DESCRIPTION OF WORK

Modality of access under this proposal:
Duration of service is 2 years (starting month 13). There is immediate open access on the variation of all basic physical data. New data will be accessible < 4 months after recovery of the moorings, the ship-borne CTD survey, and the performance of the glider mission respectively.

Support offered under this proposal:
Long-term time series of physical ocean data are provided that form the basis for the analysis of long term changes of the ecosystem ocean changes including Arctic and subarctic ocean heat budgets, fresh water budgets, and circulation changes. The service provides the input for assimilation models and for the validation of ocean GCMs and for tidal models and is an important prerequisite for the assessment of biogeochemical processes and long-term changes of the ecosystem.

Outreach of new users:
Apart from the FixO3 website the service activity will be advertised on the Arctic ROOS website http://arctic-roos.org/ which is used by 10 scientific institutions. Other outreach means are the ARGO and PANGAEA as well as OceanSites websites.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 6.1:
BISCAY AGL – SOUTHEASTERN BAY OF BISCAY AIR-SEA INTERACTION AND HYDROGRAPHY

Relevance for external users & programs:
The AGL station is relevant for GEOSS tasks “climate” and “weather”, MyOcean project (GMES) service and forecast systems (COPERNICUS from 2014), the ICES Report on Ocean Climate, the Spanish national weather agency (AEMET), the Spanish Harbors Authorities, and the regional initiative Meteocantabria. AGL buoy’s data is also transmitted to international partners (e.g., IBI-ROOS and the WMO). The AGL station is also important for the implementation of the MSFD in Spain.

Web site address: www.boya_agl.st.ieo.es

Legal name of organization providing the service: Instituto Español de Ocenografía, IEO

Location of organization: Santander, Spain

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 271,531 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
The system is composed by a monthly hydrographical and biogeochemical time series and an oceanic ODAS buoy. The buoy obtains core measurements of meteorological, physical, biogeochemical, and ecological data sets that, integrated with other observational systems, are crucial to weather forecasting and climate monitoring. The buoy data is immediately provided as a service through its web page (hourly). Monthly hydrographical cruises allow to investigate buoy sensors performance, to capture episodic events of phytoplankton blooms
to validate space-borne observations and forecast models. Research facilitated by this infrastructure includes intermediate water masses variability, ocean-atmosphere interaction and the interaction between the upper ocean and the interior.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Somavilla, R. et al. (2011) OCEAN DYN 61, 1215-1235
Somavilla, R. (2009). J GEOPHYS RES-OCEANS 114, C01001 Gonzalez-Pola, C. et al. (2007) DSR I 54(11), 1985-2004 Gonzalez-Pola, C. (2005) J. GEOPHYS RES-OCEANS 110, C05020

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The service will be provided open access for 2 years (starting in project month 13) and includes the provision of near real-time and delayed-mode data, and derived products. Under normal operation conditions (i.e. without major failures of any system) the data will be delivered with the following rates: AGL ODAS Buoy data (Meteo, CTD, O2, fluorescence, surface current) as well as directly derived products (e.g. anomalies) will be delivered in real-time (hourly). Delayed mode data (QC and calibrated after the water sample analyses) will be provided monthly. AGL ODAS Buoy water column velocity (ADCP) will be delivered at 4-month blocks (after buoy maintenance). Once the monthly hydrographical sampling is done, the timetable and the water column profiles and its derived products (i.e. Mixed Layer Depth) will be updated within a week.

Support offered under this proposal:
Derived products provided as part of the service include: Heat and freshwater air-sea fluxes (near real time), Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Surface Salinity anomalies, Quality Controlled SSS series (delayed-mode calibrated based in the monthly in situ analysis), QC O2 and chlorophyll surface series (delayed-mode calibrated based in the monthly in situ analysis), Sub-inertial currents series and strength estimates of the current speed in accordance with the long-term record. Water-column current profiles (delayed mode), monthly heat content anomalies for the different water masses (based on the historical monthly CTD data), as well as estimates of the Mixed Layer Depth and the seasonal thermocline stratification.

Outreach of new users:
The provided services will increase the intrinsic value of the observatory data for potential users. The delivery of monthly hydrographical and biogeochemical sampling of the water column, unique around Spanish waters, is expected to attract new users. The incorporation of the AGL station in an European network will serve to make the overall community aware about the existence of this service. Advertisement, e.g., through appropriate web-pages in agreement with the overall strategy in the FixO3 consortium will additionally promote the use of the offered services.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 7.1:
W1-M3A – LIGURIAN SEA HEAT BUDGET AND WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS

Relevance for external users & programs:
The proposed service is relevant for the following internal programs: HyMEX (Hydrological cycle in the Mediterranean EXperiment), ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observation System), GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security), ESURFMAR

Web site address: http://www.odas.ge.issia.cnr.it

Legal name of organization providing the service: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, CNR

Location of organization: Genoa, Italy

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 27,526 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
The W1M3A system continuously collects meteorological and near surface (from 0 down to 40 m water depth) oceanographic measurements in near real time integrated over an hourly basis. Data received ashore are quality checked (ref. MERSEA data quality control procedures) and made available to the scientific community as well as public users on a graphical form on the observatory web site. Several users have been already accessed the services provided by the W1M3A observatory for their researches in the field of air-sea interaction (i.e., investigation of the atmospheric boundary layer, model evaluation, air pollution transfer model, etc.) and physical oceanography (i.e., water mass transport, biomass migration, wind-wave coupling, etc.).

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Sempreviva, A.M. (2010) ANN GEOPHYS, 28, 17-25
Pensieri, S. et al. 2010 J. MARINE SYSTEMS 81, 286–296
Picco, P. et al. (2010) OCEAN SCI., 6, 825-836

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The service of the W1M3A site will be provided open access through web sites for 3 years (starting month 13 of the project) and will include graphical representations of the near surface water quality (in terms of dissolved oxygen, nutrients, and CO2 concentrations) as well as heat budgets. The service will be provided and updated on a weekly basis. The maximum delay between the collected data and the availability of the service will be one week. This delay will be due to the needed quality control procedures.

Support offered under this proposal:
The support offered by the W1M3A observatory will include the scientific analysis of the collected measurements taking into account also climatological and modeled values. The offered service provide the opportunity to study the variations of the heat fluxes and the ecosystem changes allowing the users to enhance their knowledge about the impact of global warming and the effects of anthropogenic activities in the basin.

Outreach of new users:
The proposed service will be advertised on the following web sites: (1) the Earth and Environmental Department of the National Research Council (http://www.dta.cnr.it) and (2) the Mediterranean Operational Oceanography Network (MOON – http://www.moon-oceanforecasting.eu) joining together more than 40 partners ranging from scientific institutions to meteorological services. Through the mentioned links, new users are informed about the availability of long-term in-situ water quality and heat budgets measurements from a particularly active and significant oceanic region.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 11.1:
E2-M3A – SOUTHERN ADRIATIC DEEP WATER FORMATION, HEAT BUDGET, AND CARBONATE SYSTEM TO ASSESS CLIMATIC VARIATION AND OCEAN ACIDIFICATION

Relevance for external users & programs:
This service activity is relevant for GEOSS task “climate” and MSFD, has strong relevance for international programs and initiatives such as MOON, MEDGOOS, OceanSITES, HyMEX, the CIESM HydroChanges Program, Italian RITMARE program, and contributes to MyOcean.

Web site address: http://nodc.ogs.trieste.it/nodc/homepage

Legal name of organization providing the service:
Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale, OGS

Location of organization: Trieste, Italy

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 107,663 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
The E2M3A observatory started working in 2002, consists of a surface buoy and two moorings and hosts the longest time series in the South Adriatic. Data are mostly provided in near real time and include meteorological information, surface water temperature, salinity, pCO2, and pH, as well as temperature, salinity, turbidity, currents of the ocean interior down to the seafloor. Advanced data services (web services) are used to display, map or get access to data subsets. Delay mode data can be download from the National Oceanographic Data Centre http://www.ogs.trieste.it/en/content/national-oceanographic-data-centre or http://nodc.ogs.trieste.it/nodc/homepage

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure:
Cardin, V. et al. (2011) CONT SHELF 31(9)
Bensi M. et al. (2013) AGU BOOKS ‘THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA: TEMPORAL VARIABILITY AND SPATIAL PATTERNS’
Schroeder K. et al (2013) OCEAN SCI 9, 301-324
Bensi M. (2012) Phd. Thesis, UNIV OF TRIESTE, 107 p.; http://hdl.handle.net/10077/7387
Cardin V. et al.(2010) OCEANOBS’09 PROCEEDINGS, VENICE, ITALY, 21-25

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The service will be offered for 27 months (starting in month 13) and includes open access to data on the variation of temperature, salinity, oxygen at different water depths, as well as meteorological data, surface water carbonate system (pH, pCO2) to assess ocean acidification and deep water formation. Targeted delivery times will be offered for different stages of the data stream from raw data to quality controlled data and derived products. Delayed mode data will be accessible < 3-4 months after recovery of the moorings and the ship-borne CTD survey (carried out every 8-10 months). Time series data will be available for visualization through web graphic tools (selection of time window, parameter (direct and derived).

Support offered under this proposal:
In addition to time series data on physical and chemical properties as well as water currents and meteorological data, reanalysis of time series will be provided as part of this service activity. The information will permit to evaluate variations in mixed layer thickness, heat budget, and deep water formation. The precision time series data on pCO2 and pH are provided to understand and quantify the CO2 sink and to assess the effectiveness of carbon sequestration in the area as well as the process of ocean acidification.

Outreach of new users:
The proposed service will be advertised on different web-sites (e.g., MOON, www. moon-oceanforecasting.eu) joining together more than 40 partners ranging from scientific institutions to meteorological services. Monitoring of pCO2 will be of great aid to the carbon community and the time series of CO2 and pH could complement
the ICOS dataset. The proposed service activity represent provides precious complementary information to European Research Programs as well as to Italian national programs and those of neighbouring countries in the area (e.g., Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro and Albania).

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 15.1:
PYLOS – SOUTHERN IONIAN SEA WATER COLUMN AND SEABED OBSERVATIONS TO ASSESS DEEP THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION

Relevance for external users & programs:
The service is relevant for: operational projects (MyOcean, near real time data) (COPERNICUS from 2014); OceanSITES; MOON and MedGOOS (operational and research users); MedCLIVAR

Web site address: http://www.poseidon.hcmr.gr

Legal name of organization providing the service: Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, HCMR

Location of organization: Athens, Greece

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 97,183 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
The Pylos observatory is carrying out meteorological observations (Wind speed and direction, temperature, pressure), oceanic observations in the surface ocean (Wave height-period-direction, salinity, temperature, current speed and direction), as well as observations in the ocean interior (Salinity, temperature at different depths down to 1000 m), and at the seafloor (Salinity, temperature, depth, dissolved oxygen). Additional sensors (pCO2, CH4, turbidity and pH) will be added in 2012. Data are provided as a) visual products through the web page, b) near real time data as daily files encoded in NetCDF / OceanSITES format through ftp services.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Nittis, K., et al. (2003) ANN GEOPHYS, 2003. 21(1): p. 75-87 Petihakis, G., et al., (2007) OCEAN SCI, 117-128

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The SA will be provided for 4 years (starting month 1) and all data and derived products are provided with open access. Apart of the near real time data and visualization products (time series at a 15days window) that will be available / updated on a daily basis, monthly products based on near real time data will be made available with emphasis on identification of water masses and their variability. Delayed mode quality controlled data will be available on 4-6 months basis following the maintenance visits and recovery of data including reference measurements. A 15-30 days delay is expected for the latter service.

Support offered under this proposal:
In addition to the near real time data which are currently being released by HCMR, delayed mode and reanalysis of time series will be provided as visual products and quality controlled data. The service will also include analyses focusing on the identification of water masses and their variability at different time scales. The relevance to the new type of observations (CO2, pH, CH4) will also be assessed.

Outreach of new users:
The service will address both operational (e.g. calibration and validation of models, assessment of model reanalysis) and science users (e.g., MedCLIVAR users). Relevant catalogues (e.g. MyOcean and SEADATANET) will be updated accordingly. The service activity will be advertised at the POSEIDON web page, as well as through the user outreach activities that have been planned for the MyOcean-II project. Such activities are planned to reach the intermediate users (i.e., service providers) and the scientific community. The regular release of quality-controlled data is expected to attract new users who perform routine model validation and calibration and need consistent data sets that can directly be uses in their analysis.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 19.1:
CVOO – TROPICAL EASTERN NORTH ATLANTIC WATER COLUMN PHYSICAL AND BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES.

Relevance for external users & programs:
Processed observational data (physical and biogeochemical) will be made available for external users to derive climate indices such as mixed layer depth or chlorophyll inventory. The surface data can be used by the satellite processing centres for calibration efforts e.g. Chlorophyll-a for Ocean Color, or salinity for the SMOS/Aquarius satellite. Other potential users are ocean reanalysis and forecast centers (e.g. Meractor, Toulouse, France)
for the provision of forecast services for fishery industry in the West African region. The management of the CVOO observatory time-series infrastructure at the INDP can become a showcase for stakeholders on developing and maintaining an infrastructure in the West African Region.

Web site address: http://cvoo.geomar.de/

Legal name of organization providing the service: Instituto Nacional de Desenvolvimento das Pescas, INDP

Location of organization:
Mindelo , São Vicente, Cape Verde

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 29,961€

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
Duplicate CTD casts to 500 m depth measuring salinity, temperature, chlorophyll/fluorescence, turbidity, oxygen, Photosynthetically Available Radiation (PAR). Bottle samples from 10 standard depth (10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 150, 250, 350, 450 dbar) are analyzed for nutrients (nitrate, nitrite, phosphate, silicate), dissolved oxygen, dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), total organic carbon (TOC), total organic nitrogen (TON), total alkalinity (TA), and chlorophyll-a. Data are distributed to registered users through CVOO data portal hosted at IFM-GEOMAR.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Müller C et al. (2009) ATMOS CHEM PHYS 9, 14825-14855
Medina, A. et al (2007) MAR ECOL 28(3), 404–417

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The service will be offered for 3 years (starting in project month 13) with data and products freely accessible through websites. Targeted delivery times will be offered for different stages of the data stream from raw data to quality controlled data. Data provided include: raw datasets from CTD for websites (near real-time; within 24h hours after the ship is back to shore) and QC datasets (CTD and bottle samples), delivered within 14 days.

Support offered under this proposal:
Description of the analytical methods used to analyze the bottle samples will be provided as well as calibration information.

Outreach of new users:
Services offered by the infrastructure under this proposal will be advertised through public communication panels (e.g. brochures, FixO3 and CVOO website). Poster and oral presentations at suitable meeting will be utilized to make further users aware of the services.

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++CARBON CYCLE AND OCEAN ACIDIFICATION RELATED SERVICE ACTIVITIES++ —————————————————————————————

SERVICE ACTIVITY 3.1:
STATION M – NORWEGIAN SEA PH AND PCO2 TIME SERIES FOR OCEAN ACIDIFICATION

Relevance for external users & programs:
The Service Activity is relevant for ICOS, EuroSITES, CARBOCHANGE, GREENSEAS, BASIN, MONARC

Web site address: www.imr.no/forskning/forskningsdata/stasjonm/view.html

Legal name of organization providing the service: Universitetet I Bergen, UiB

Location of organization: Bergen, Norway

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 558,242 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
Buoy and mooring were deployed in September 2011 at station M in the Norwegian Sea. Every 3 hours different sensors measure pH and pCO2 in addition to hydrography, chlorophyll, O2 at selected depths from surface to 2000 m water depth. Real time data are sent to shore and are provided as raw data at the web site http://www.imr.no/forskning/forskningsdata/stasjonm/view.html. pCO2 and pH measurements from 150 m and surface pH measurements are currently internally stored, and on the occasion of the annual maintenance these data are downloaded and made available.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Omar, A. et al. (2010) OCEAN SCI, 77-89
Olsen, A. et al. (2009) EARTH SYST SCI DATA 1, 25-34
Skjelvan, I. et al. (2008) BIOGEOSCIENCES 5, 549-560

Findlay, H.S. et al. (2008) BIOGEOSCIENCES 5, 1395-1410

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The first year of the project will be used to implement a proper web solution for open access data. Starting in project month 13, the most recent data will be progressively corrected, uploaded and provided open access for a period of 18.2 months and will be freely accessible throughout the end of the project. In addition to the timely provision of raw datasets of pH and pCO2 as well as QC data, derived data products including monthly estimates of Omega Calcite and Omega Aragonite will be published annually through relevant websites (e.g., FixO3 website).

Support offered under this proposal:
Data of pCO2 and pH (surface and 150 m) will be used to estimate ocean acidification (in terms of Omega_Calcite and Omega_Aragonite) and its temporal variation at the site. The service is important to evaluate natural variability in long term trends of ocean acidification. The data product is also important to initialize and verify ocean models.

Outreach of new users:
Raw data from the access service is already available on the web site www.imr.no/forskning/forskningsdata/stasjonm/view.html. The open access data service will be advertised on the ICOS website which is used by numerous scientific institutions. This in turn is expected to lead to increased use of Station M ocean acidification data.

SERVICE ACTIVITY 5.1:
PAP – NORTH ATLANTIC OPEN OCEAN WATER COLUMN PHYSICAL AND BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES INCLUDING PRODUCTIVITY & CO2-FLUXES

Relevance for external users & programs:
Datasets are relevant for GEOSS (integrated task AR-09-03c). Physical datasets are contributing to MyOcean, to the Global Telecommunication System (GTS), and the EMODNET pilot portal (COPERNICUS from 2014). Carbon measurements (e.g. pCO2) contribute to the ICOS program. Derived products (productivity estimates and pCO2 fluxes) will be relevant for policy makers for the assessment of the good environmental status of European seas.

Web site address: www.noc.ac.uk/pap

Legal name of organization providing the service: Natural Environment Research Council, NERC-NOC

Location of organization: Southampton, UK

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 54,240 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
Multidisciplinary sensors are fitted to the mooring at ~30m depth. Upper ocean variables measured include temperature, salinity, chlorophyll-a, nitrate, pCO2, O2. Many of these datasets are available in near real-time delivered by satellite in high resolution and allow scientific users to evaluate the natural variation, episodic processes and long-term trends occurring in the North Atlantic. Non-QC data are visually displayed in near real-time on websites. Physical data are daily uploaded to MyOcean and the Global Telecommunication system. QC data are available through the OceanSITES Global Data Assembly centre.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure:
Hartman S.E. et al. (2010) DSR II 57(15), 1303-1312
Lampitt R.S. et al. (2010) DSR II 57(15): 1346-1361
Lampitt, R.S. et al (2010). In Situ Sustained Eulerian Observatories. PROC OCEAN OBS’09

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The service will be offered open access for 3 years (starting M7 of the project) with data and products accessible through websites. Targeted delivery times will be offered for different stages of the data stream from raw data to quality controlled data and derived products. Raw datasets for websites and the modeling community will be delivered near real-time. QC datasets for scientific analysis will be delivered timely. Derived products, calculated and provided as monthly estimates once per year will be published annually and uploaded to the relevant websites (e.g., PAP, FixO3 websites).

Support offered under this proposal:
In addition to the data services of 6 multidisciplinary variables (as mentioned above) two main derived products are provided:
PRODUCTIVITY: Temperature, Salinity O2, nutrients and chlorophyll-a will be used to assess the trends in the timing and quantity of open ocean productivity.
CO2 FLUX: Surface ocean pCO2 will be used together with the corresponding in situ atmospheric (e.g., wind) datasets from the same installation (provided by the Met Office UK) to assess the changing capacity for the North Atlantic as a carbon sink. Technical support will be offered by the data manager to all queries regarding PAP datasets and products. Scientific support will be provided for analyzing and explaining the PAP derived products. The PAP datasets will be presented online through websites (currently PAP website and EuroSITES websites) in graphical form with units of measurement and clear updates on data delivery.

Outreach of new users:
Using existing websites (PAP and EuroSITES) and other outreach means a range of audiences including scientists, the modeling community, policy and decision makers will be made aware of the service. The users for the PAP datasets have increased during the past 3 years, largely because of the promotion of the sites through the EU FP7 network EuroSITES and the addition of simultaneous meteorological measurements creating more demand for the upper ocean datasets especially by the modeling community (e.g. UK Met Office, Mercator-Ocean and MyOcean) (COPERNICUS from 2014). This interest is set to continue as a direct result
of the FixO3 funding supporting a service activity specifically producing derived products including productivity estimates and CO2 fluxes. Analyses and derived products have also been used in policy consultation documents assessing the state of UK seas (e.g. Charting Progress II). The demand for environmental datasets from the North Atlantic is set to increase as member states aim for Good Environmental Status by 2020.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 8.1:
DYFAMED – LIGURIAN SEA WATER COLUMN PHYSICAL AND BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES INCLUDING PRODUCTIVITY AND pCO2-PH ESTIMATES

Relevance for external users & programs:
All datasets are available to external users as raw data plots and files (website) and QC data (though the international OceanSITES GDAC). The datasets are relevant for GEOSS (task AR-09-03c, SBAs “Ecosystems” and “Climate”). Physical datasets are uploaded to CORIOLIS and used by MERCATOR forecasts models. Data from DYFAMED are being used in biogeochemical and circulation models of the Mediterranean (SYMPHONIE, Meteo France NEMOMED). DYFAMED data are used to cross-validate the glider data during their transect Nice-Dyfamed-Calvi (MOOSE). Derived products (productivity estimates, pCO2 fluxes) will be relevant for policy makers when assessing the good environmental status of European seas.

Web site address:
www.obs-vlfr.fr/DyfBase (1991-2009); www.coriolis.eu.org/ (since 2010)

Legal name of organization providing the service:
Institut français de recherche pour l’exploitation de la mer / IFREMER

Location of organization: Brest, France

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 21,687 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
This time-series site is part of the Mediterranean Ocean Observing System on Environment (MOOSE) and the HYDROCHANGES group, with over 20 years of sediment traps monitoring in surface and mesopelagic layers, physical and biogeochemical measurements (monthly) and meteorological observations. Upper ocean variables measured include temperature and salinity (Meteo France). A sensor suite of multidisciplinary sensors is fitted to the mooring at different depths extending from the surface to the bottom. The data (mostly delayed mode) are processed and validated before dissemination through IFREMER-CORIOLIS data Center.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Heimbürger L.E., et al. PROGR OCEANOGR, submitted
Zunino et al. J MAR SYSTEMS, submitted

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The service will be offered for 4 years (starting in project month 1) with data and products freely accessible through websites. Data can be accessed via the Coriolis/SISMER data center. Data provided include meteorological, physical data biogeochemical data (O2, nutrients and pH, AT, CT) as well as sediment trap data (mass flux, POC and PON fluxes).The frequency at which data are provided and the delay between data production and dissemination depends on data type and range from annually (sediment trap) to near real-time (meteorology data). Targeted delivery times will be offered for different stages of the data stream from raw data to quality controlled data and derived products: Raw datasets for websites and modeling community and QC datasets for scientific analyses will be delivered timely. Derived products (Productivity estimates, pCO2 fluxes, pH variations) calculated and provided as monthly estimates are published annually and uploaded to the relevant websites (e.g. FixO3 website).

Support offered under this proposal:
Experienced data managers at IFREMER will offer technical support to all queries regarding DYFAMED datasets and products. In addition scientific support will be provided for analyzing and explaining the DYFAMED derived products. The DYFAMED datasets will be presented online through CORIOLIS.

Outreach of new users:
The EUROSITES and the EMSO group represent a community of several hundred scientists in Europe who have received and will receive news from DYFAMED observatory. The scientific community of DYFAMED/MOOSE is exchanging on the data collected. The provided services will be advertised through the FixO3 website and to a range of audiences including scientists, the modelling community, policy and decision makers. The users for the DYFAMED datasets have increased during the past 6 years, largely because of the promotion of the sites through the EU FP7 network EuroSITES and the addition of Mediterranean projects (HYMEX, MERMEX) creating more demand for the upper ocean datasets especially by the modelling community (e.g.Mercator-Ocean and MyOcean) (COPERNICUS from 2014). This interest is set to continue as a direct result of the FixO3 funding supporting a service activity specifically producing some derived products including productivity estimates and CO2 fluxes.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 17.1:
ESTOC – CENTRAL EAST ATLANTIC OCEAN ACIDIFICATION AND PRODUCTIVITY ASSESSMENT SERVICE

Relevance for external users & programs:
The ESTOC Observatory is a component of EuroSITES and EMSO, a CO2 monitoring station for ICOS and thus contributes to several GEOSS tasks, including the monitoring of climate change and water quality. Data are provided following international standards (NetCDF and SensorML) according to GEOSS data sharing principles.

Web site address:
www.eurosites.info/estoc/data.php; www.whoi.edu/virtual/oceansites/data/index.html

Legal name of organization providing the service: Oceanic Platform of the Canary Islands / PLOCAN

Location of organization: Telde, Canary Islands, Spain

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 93,287 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
The ESTOC observatory offers real-time / near real-time meteorological observations (atmospheric pressure, relative humidity, air temperature, wind speed and direction) and observations of surface oceanography (temperature, salinity, turbidity). Subsurface monitoring includes physical (temperature, salinity) and biogeochemical (oxygen, nitrate and Chla) observations at different depths are made available on-line in delayed mode. In situ data collected from cruises for testing and calibrating moored sensors, available on-line as well as spatial and temporal representations for all data. In addition, three gliders are used for measurements in the vicinity of the station (e.g., salinity, temperature, current, turbidity, CDOM, chlorophyll-a, O2). are made available. Typically 4 seasonal missions of 15 days each are performed per year. All data are quality checked and converted to standard units of measure including standard error estimates. Data provided by the ESTOC observatory and the gliders are essential to evaluate natural variation in long term trends of all measured phenomena including ocean acidification, carbon fluxes, water quality, volcanic tremor, etc.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: González-Dávila, M. et al. (2010) BIOGEOSCIENCES, 3067-3081 Delory, E. et al. (2011) IEEE OCEANS, Santander, Spain

DESCRIPTION OF WORK

Modality of access under this proposal:
The service will be provided open access for 3 years (starting project month 7). Data will be provided real-time or near real-time after formatting and data quality control. In cases where formatting and quality control involves human intervention data will be released with an approximate delay of 2-3 months. All data will be discoverable, searchable and downloadable from on-line catalogues and provided open-access.

Support offered under this proposal:
Standardized data quality control, formatting, and OGC real-time services are applied to (1) data streams of upper ocean CO2 and pH for carbon sink and carbonate system / ocean acidification, and (2) data streams for O2, Chl-a and Nutrients for ocean productivity assessment.

Outreach of new users:
ESTOC Observatory services’ outreach material will be synthesized and uploaded to the FixO3 web portal. The enhancement of the data services under FixO3 (implementation of QC and standard formatting according to SeaDataNet to facilitate use for the assessment of the state of the ocean at this strategic site; provision of standard formatted, machine readable data in near real-time for incorporation into operational models (e.g., myOcean) (COPERNICUS from 2014). These improvements are expected to significantly increase the use of the data produced at the ESTOC location. Services will be registered through GEOSS component and service registry, further facilitating use by a broader audience.

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++ BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT RELATED SERVICE ACTIVITIES ++ ——————————————————————————————

SERVICE ACTIVITY 1.2:
FRAM – FRAM STRAIT, ARCTIC: TIME SERIES ON MEGAFAUNA DENSITY AND DIVERSITY

Relevance for external users & programs:
The Service activity contributes to GEOBON, LifeWatch, INDEEP, SIOS

Web site address: www.awi.de/en/research/deep_sea/deep_sea_ecology/deep_sea_long_term_observatory_hausgarten/ http://new.biigle.de/

Legal name of organization providing the service:
Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, AWI

Location of organization: Bremerhaven, Germany

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 133,592 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
The seafloor of selected stations of the HAUSGARTEN LTER is surveyed regularly by a towed camera system (OFOS) yielding some 2500 images of 3-4 m2 per campaign. One image is taken every 30s along transects of 2.5km between 1200 and 2500m depth. These images are loaded onto the web image data base BIIGLE where they are accessed and analyzed by users worldwide. The global access enables quality control of analyzed images and enhances scientific exchange between experts for different taxonomic groups.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Bergmann, M. et al. (2009) DSR I 56, 408–424
Soltwedel, T. et al. (2009) DSR I 56, 1856-1872
Bluhm, B.et al. (2011) MAR BIODIVERS 41, 87-107

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The service will be provided open access for 2 years (starting project month 13). New seafloor and organism images will be available online at BIIGLE and PANGAEA 1-2 months after each campaign. Derived and quality controlled data on biodiversity and community composition will be available with a delay ≤ 2 years via PANGAEA.

Support offered under this proposal:
Long-term time series of seafloor community data are provided that can be used to assess the impact of ocean changes. The data give the users the extremely rare opportunity to study benthic communities at the Arctic deep seafloor over longer time scales. The data can also be used to calculate benthic biomass and production, as well as base line to assess the impact of global warming and concomitant anthropogenic threats to the Arctic ecosystem such as fisheries, oil and gas exploitation, tourism and shipping. Novel functions of BIIGLE can also detect important recurring objects automatically (e.g. sea cucumbers, sea lilies, anemones, burrows). As derived data, estimates of total megafaunal abundance, diversity and composition as well as their changes over time are provided. These data along with metadata, are available in the PANGAEA data base (http://www.pangaea.de/). All images can be viewed via BIIGLE (http://new.biigle.de/) or PANGAEA. This service is essential to assess natural variation or global change in long-term trends of seafloor communities.

Outreach of new users:
The service activity is used by ecologists, taxonomists and deep-sea researchers. The service activity will be promoted via INDEEP, GEOBON, and various www sites and advertised on the FixO3 web site.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 5.2:
PAP – NORTH ATLANTIC BENTHIC BIODIVERSITY

Relevance for external users & programs:
This will provide the kind of biodiversity evidence that has been highlighted as critical by GEO BON and the MSFD. Indeed the biodiversity data from the PAP site is included in plans being made with other UK agencies such as the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) as to what GES data UK will provide.

Web site address: www.noc.soton.ac.uk/pap/

Legal name of organization providing the service: Natural Environment Research Council, NERC-NOC

Location of organization: Southampton, UK

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 81,611 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
Sediment cores and trawling sampling campaigns are conducted once per year to provide crucial datasets to continue to time-series of benthic fauna started in 1989. These datasets are used to assess long-term trends in the abyssal plain benthic community and to assess the impact of climate variations on deep-sea ecology.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Billett et al. (2010) DSR II 57(15), 1406-1417
Larkin, K.E. et al. (2010) PROC OCEAN OBS ‘09
Ruhl, H.A et al. (2011) PROG OCEANOGR 91, 1-33

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
This service will be offered open access for a period of 3 years (starting project month 7) and accessible through the internet from a variety of sources e.g. the PAP website and through open access data centers specified for FixO3. NERC-NOS will provide this service on an annual basis with a delay of not more than 12 months. This time lag is necessitated by the fact that the process of quantifying some elements of the biodiversity samples is very time consuming and requires multiple expert inputs.

Support offered under this proposal:
Users will gain access to both the taxon specific data and to a suite of indicators and indices for various aspect of biodiversity. Thus both the biological abundance data and service derived biodiversity descriptors will be freely available without unreasonable delay after sample collection and processing. This service will be provided using methods that have already been published in peer review journals. The outputs of this SA will be made available as digital objects (thus given Digital Object Identifier (DOI) numbers as is done with journal publications), which incorporate appropriate metadata.

Outreach of new users:
As observatories transition to a way of working that includes the archiving of data in internationally accessible data centers, we expect that the use of these data will greatly increase. We expect that the awareness of such data will be enhanced through data portals and outreach that are being created via SeaDataNet, EMODNET and GEO. Furthermore we will archive these data as digital objects that can be referenced in publications. Data on deep-sea biodiversity are among the most rare diversity data anywhere. So the publication and promotion of the availability of these data is expected to greatly enhance the awareness and use of these data both in Europe and globally. And we expect that these data will be used not just in the marine sector, but for assessments of the Earth system more generally. And we expect that these data will be of interest to not only academic and government researchers, but also to those working on assessing potential impact from human activity related to the hydrocarbon, fishing, or shipping industries, as well as evaluations of climate change.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 14.1:
MOMAR – CENTRAL NORTH ATLANTIC DEEP SEA HYDROTHERMAL ECOSYSTEM OBSERVATION: BENTHIC ECOLOGY AND DATA MANAGEMENT

Relevance for external users & programs:
This service activity concerns the management (reception, transcription, storage and accessibility of raw data and derived products) for the full range of data transmitted by the MoMAR buoyed observatory. It also concerns the elaboration of derived products to facilitate use of the transmitted vent fluid chemistry data and video for ecological studies of the chemosynthetic fauna at deep seafloor hydrothermal vents. As such it is addressed
to a wide community of users, from mid-ocean ridge scientists (InterRidge community), to GEOSS (regional biodiversity and weather data), and to the Azores Regional Authorities and Marine Protected Area Office.

Web site address:
www.ifremer.fr/WC2en/allEulerianNetworks (data access); www.ifremer.fr/momarsat2010/; www.ipgp.fr/EMSO-Azores (new site under preparation)

Legal name of organization providing the service:
Institut français de recherche pour l’exploitation de la mer, IFREMER

Location of organization: Brest, France

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 49,568 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
Users can currently access data of several connected instruments via the Coriolis/SISMER data center (raw files and plots) The data are provided open access and include pressure, seismic activity, noise, Fe, O2, temperature, turbidity and auxiliary meteorological and technical data (energy, GPS position, wind, air pressure and temperature).

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Cuvelier, D. et al. L&O 56, 1624-1640
Colaço, A. et al. (2011) ICES J MAR SCI 48 (2): 349-356
Riou, V. et al (2010) MAR ENVIRON RES 70, 264-271

Colaco A. et al (2009) MAR ENVIRON RES 67(3), 146-152

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The service will be offered for 3 years (starting project month 1) with data and products freely accessible through websites. This service activity concerns the data management of the whole set of data currently transmitted
by the MoMAR observatory (see above), with focus on the ecology-oriented data (imaging, O2, and turbidity data). During the duration of FixO3, several improvements will be implemented in order to facilitate access to the service by a wider community of users. This includes provision of derived products and online visualization tools for data on vent chemistry and for the monitoring of vent fauna by means of image processing techniques applied to the transmitted video imagery. In collaboration with CNRS visualization tools will be provided to detect co-variations in telluric and biological-chemical parameters.

Support offered under this proposal:
Our team has developed the MoMAR buoyed observatory infrastructure, with support from the ASSEM and ESONET EC project. It also coordinates the science and engineering aspects of the ecological component of the MoMAR observatory. For this service activity, we will mobilize the experience of 4 engineers for the data management tasks, and of 2 confirmed researchers for the implementation of ecology-related derived products.

Outreach of new users:
MoMar does currently gather a community of about 50 active scientists and engineers, primarily in France and Portugal, but also in Germany, Britain and the USA. MoMAR data has been online for little more than two years and we are now putting resources into developing adequate derived products and web-based access. We are currently developing a new web page which will offer improved visibility to our unique data set. We also place great hope in the FIXO3 project to help us publicize our data to a wider community of users. FIXO3 WP8 and WP7 (task ESONET Vi) are instruments we will also use to this aim.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY X.1:
TRANS-OBSERVATORY – EMECO DATA TOOL (Installation ‘999’ in table)

Relevance for external users & programs:
The service activity is relevant for integrating fixed point open ocean data with coastal data and other types of in situ, remote sensing and modeled data through JERICO, MyOcean and the EMECO Virtual Research Community (COPERNICUS from 2014); The service activity provides ready access to high level information products relevant for European Policy e.g. MSFD and GEOSS “Water Quality” and “Biodiversity”.

Web site address: www.emecodata.net

Legal name of organization providing the service: Blue Lobster IT Limited / BLIT

Location of organization: Lowestoft, UK

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 147,686 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
The European Marine Ecosystem Observatory (EMECO) is a consortium of around 30 organizations with responsibility for both monitoring and assessment of status and also for improving understanding through research in European shelf-seas and open oceans. The EMECO Data tool currently provides advanced web services for the regional North Sea and Irish Sea. The tools enable rapid integration and visualization of multi-platform, multi-parameters and multi-national data in the form of maps (KML and bespoke assessment maps), data (XML and CSV) and time series charts. The purpose of the Datatool is to deliver high-level information products in a transparent and auditable manner that increases confidence, availability and uptake of in situ and remote sensing observational data and model outputs.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Mills, D. K. (2011) INTERNAT J UNDERWAT TECHNOL 30(2), 71-78

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
3 years of access (starting project month 13) to be given via the FixO3 website (WP8). Selected fixed point open ocean data will be processed to provide value added products.

Support offered under this proposal:
This service activity will provide multi-parameter data products (maps and charts) based on the data of a set of open ocean fixed point observations (to be defined).

Outreach of new users:
The service activity will be promoted as part of the FixO3 project outreach strategy (WP8), advertised on the JERICO community hub. The service will be made available via the EMECO Data tool and advertised on the EMECO website, the Western Shelf Observatory website, and other relevant websites, conferences, events and training opportunities. Interest in the EMECO data tool is widespread at both National and European levels and is expected to continue to grow as more and more potential fields of application are assessed (e.g., OSPAR Comprehensive Procedure, Sea Floor Integrity descriptor (MSFD), Marine Litter and Commercial Fisheries descriptors, Shark By-Watch UK.

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++ GEOPHYSICS AND GEODYNAMICS RELATED SERVICE ACTIVITIES ++ —————————————————————————–

SERVICE ACTIVITY 9.1:
ANTARES – LIGURIAN SEA GEOPHYSICS AND OCEANOGRAPHY

Relevance for external users & programs:
Seismological and pressure data are relevant to increase the knowledge on earthquakes occurring in the western Mediterranean / Ligurian Sea and contribute to EMSC earthquake catalogue, the EPOS system and GIC SATANEM/ COI at Unesco. The service will facilitate a scientific evaluation of the data necessary for tsunami warning. Oceanographic data are important to track the deep waters modification (convection and EMT propagation) and its impact on the deep marine ecosystem and are relevant for the MOOSE project.

Web site address: www.antares.in2p3.fr

Legal name of organization providing the service: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS

Location of organization: La Seyne / Mer, France

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 49,610 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
Near real-time seismological data are used in seismic alert and seismic characterization procedures at Geoazur (OCA) and of particular interest for events in Ligurian Sea, between South-East France and Corsica (http://www.geoazur.net/sismoazur/). Seismological data are accessible through RESIF portal (http://www.resif.fr/) and European portal (http://www.seismicportal.eu/) to the seismological international community in standard formats. All metadata useful for modeling are integrated.
All oceanographic datasets are available to registered users (VPN) as raw data files. Data can be stored on a local server (without backup) or sent in real time to data centers.
Other topics have been studied at the ANTARES site (e.g., in FP6 KM3Net CA) and will continue as part of KM3Net ESFRI infrastructure.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure:
Puillat I. et al. (2009) NUCLEAR INSTRUM METH PHYS RES Section A, 602 (1), 240-245
Gervaise C. & Rolin, J.-F. (2007) EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF THE SCIENTIFIC FILE OF THE AXE 5 OF THE EUROPÔLE MER

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The service will be offered for 3 years (starting M7 of the project) with data and products freely accessible through websites. Targeted delivery times will be offered for different stages of the data stream from raw data to quality controlled data and derived products.
Raw data sets of ground motion and pressure are provided near real-time and at high frequency, e.g., for modeling purposes and to conduct scientific investigations of the feasibility of such data for earthquake and tsunami alarm systems. Visual display of the raw data is also provided in near real time. QC datasets for scientific analysis are provided at approx. 1 day delay. Derived products are published annually (e.g., BSCF catalogue of seismicity of France, http://www.franceseisme.fr/).
Physical oceanic data (temperature, salinity, currents) are provided as raw data in near real time allowing to observe convection events in winter season. O2 data are delivered with a delay of 6 months and are used to assess biological activity in deep waters (remineralization, respiration).

Support offered under this proposal:
In addition to the seismological raw data, the service will produce a list of earthquakes in Ligurian Sea (location and magnitude) for scientific evaluation and interpretation of the corresponding sea floor records.Oceanic data are part of the MOOSE database lead by IFREMER and the Coriolis group.

Outreach of new users:
EMSO and KM3Net , ESFRI projects under Preparatory Phase are planning to support the outreach activities on this site. All environmental datasets from the ANTARES infrastructure are already accessible free of charge to the international community through websites including currently the EuroSITES websites. These websites will be further promoted by the operator throughFixO3 and to a range of audiences including scientists, the modeling community, policy and decision makers. The users for the ANTARES datasets have increased during the past 5 years, largely because of the promotion of the sites through the EU FP7 network EuroSITES.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 13.1:
NEMO-SN1 – WESTERN IONIAN SEA GEOPHYSICS, OCEANOGRAPHY, AND DERIVED PRODUCTS

Relevance for external users & programs:
The service activity provided by NEMO-SN1 grants real time open access to a large number of geophysical parameters that are acquired by the observatory and of interest for a broad community of external users. Data are provided in accordance with GEOSS policies to facilitate access. Algorithms to turn the provided data into derived products are provided on NEMO-SN1 data acquisition servers further increase the group of potential users.

Web site address: www.moist.rm.ingv.it; www.emso-eu.org

Legal name of organization providing the service: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, INGV

Location of organization: Rome, Italy

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 91,410 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
The multidisciplinary NEMO-SN1 observatory contributes strongly to societal needs by addressing a wide range of research topics including High Energy Astrophysics, Physical Oceanography, Bio-acoustics, Environmental Sciences, Geophysics and Geo-Hazards. The large set of sensors installed in the observatory (seismometer, hydrophones, pressure sensors, gravity meter, magnetometers, current meters, CTD) reflects the large variety of the scientific disciplines involved. Of particularly interest for studies in the fields of Geophysics is the vicinity of Mount Etna, one of the biggest and active volcanoes in Europe. On the other hand, the NEMO-SN1 area is also a key site to study the oceanographic circulation between Eastern and Western Mediterranean Sea through the Messina Strait/ and the Sicily Channel. The study of the acoustic noise by means of hydrophones is a requirement for novel high-energy astrophysics studies on acoustic neutrino detection. Data recorded by the NEMO-SN1 observatory and metadata information is automatically stored in a structured relational data base and can be accessed free of charge in agreement with GOSS policies.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure:
Favali, P.et al. (2011) NUCL INSTR METH PHYS RES – Section A, 626-627
Favali, P. & Beranzoli, L. (2009) NUCL INSTR METH PHYS RES – Section A 602, 21-27 Favali, P. et al. (2006) NUCL INSTR METH PHYS RES – Section A 567(2), 462-467 Sgroi, T. et al. (2007) GEOPHYS J INT.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The proposed service includes free and open access to the database for a duration of 3 years (starting project month 7). In addition to the data that are currently available to users NEMO-SN1 will also provide new data base features that include the results of online triggers and multiparameter analysis (e.g., events like earthquakes, magnetic anomalies, oceanographic processes) for scientific evaluation of their feasibility for studies of geodynamics. The central database is updated with raw data on a daily base and monthly with quality-checked data.

Support offered under this proposal:
Time series data are automatically added to a structured relational database. Huge data (e.g., seismic recordings) are stored in a file system and indexed and described by up-to-date Metadata standards. Recently the acquisition software module of NEMO-SN1 has been modified and given the possibility to include data directly to a relational database from where they are migrated and integrated to the central data base. This enhancement allows the users to reach data easier and the system administrators to monitor the system remotely. Derived services offered to the user include data visualization tools, the option for data download, and the provision of derived parameters. Long-term series of conductivity, temperature and current velocity are essential to better characterize the oceanographic characteristics of the area while geophysical data (seismic, magnetic, gravimetric, acoustic) will allow scientists to improve models for warning systems. The service activity also includes scientific support to the users with respect to assessment of data quality and for data format conversions.

Outreach of new users:
This service activity will be advertised on the EMSO website that is used by a community of more than 300 scientific users, allowing a trans-national access to the unique time series collected by NEMO-SN1.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 14.2:
MOMAR – CENTRAL NORTH ATLANTIC DEEP SEA HYDROTHERMAL ECOSYSTEM OBSERVATION: SEISMIC, ACOUSTIC AND GEODETIC DATA

Relevance for external users & programs:
This service activity is of prime interest to the InterRidge community of researchers working on hydrothermal processes at mid-ocean ridges. These processes are major contributors to the heat and chemical budget of the oceans with strong implications for biodiversity of deep sea chemosynthetic organisms. In this respect, the data are relevant for biodiversity and ecosystem management purposes (Azores Regional Authority, Marine Protected Areas Managing authority, GEOSS SBA Biodiversity).

Web site address:
www.ifremer.fr/WC2en/allEulerianNetworks (data access); www.ifremer.fr/momarsat2010/; www.ipgp.fr/EMSO-Azores (new site under preparation)

Legal name of organization providing the service: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS

Location of organization: La Seyne / Mer, France

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 45,305 €

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
Users can currently access data of several connected instruments via the Coriolis/SISMER data center (raw files and plots) The data are provided open access and include pressure, seismic activity, noise, Fe, O2, temperature, turbidity and auxiliary meteorological and technical data (energy, GPS position, wind, air pressure and temperature).

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure: Colaço A. et al. (2011) ICES J MAR SCI 68 (2): 416-424

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
The service will be offered for 3 years (starting project month 1) with data and products freely accessible through web sites. The service focuses on geophysically-oriented data (connected seismometer, hydrophone, and pressure probes). During the duration of FixO3, several improvements are planned in order to facilitate access to the service. Theses improvements include the provision of background information on geological and geophysical properties of the seafloor at the site and in its surrounding. The service will be further improved by the addition of derived products and on line visualization tools to assess seismic, acoustic and ground moving activity based on the supplied sensor data. In collaboration with IFREMER visualization tools will be provided to detect co-variations in telluric and biological-chemical parameters.

Support offered under this proposal:
Our team has developed the science and engineering aspects of the geophysical component of the MoMAR observatory, with partial support from the ESONET NoE. This service activity will involve the chief marine instrumentation engineer as well as four researchers.

Outreach of new users:
MoMAR does currently gather a community of about 50 active scientists and engineers, primarily in France and Portugal, but also in Germany, Britain and the USA. MoMAR data are already available online for little more than a year. Current improvements of the web-based access and the addition of derived products are expected to further increase visibility of MoMAR data for a wider community of users. It is foreseen, that outreach activities within FixO3 will further increase public awareness of the unique data provided by MoMAR.

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SERVICE ACTIVITY 17.2:
ESTOC – SEAFLOOR SEISMICS AND SOUNDSCAPE ASSESSMENT SERVICE

Relevance for external users & programs:
The ESTOC Observatory is relevant for the EMSO and EuroSITES community. ESTOC contributes to several GEOSS SBAs, especially “Disasters” (by monitoring of geohazards including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and submarine slides around the Canaries). Data products are provided in agreement with international standards according to GEOSS principles (SensorML, OGC Sensor Observation Service implemented in 2012).

Web site address:
Joint PLOCAN-CSIC data portal for ESTOC data dissemination is currently under development www.utm.csic.es/ (information on seismic-acoustic monitoring)

Legal name of organization providing the service:
Oceanic Platform of the Canary Islands / PLOCAN
in cooperation with:
Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, CSIC (as TP)

Location of organization:
Telde, Canary Islands, Spain (PLOCAN) Madrid, Spain (CSIC)

Annual operating costs of the service activity: 51,387 € (PLOCAN: 33,910 €; CSIC: 17,477 €)

Services currently offered by the infrastructure:
The ESTOC seafloor instrumentation consists of an Ocean Bottom Seismometer with three components and a hydrophone to record data from seafloor vertical motions, and to characterize oceanic ambient noise like local tremors from the Canary Islands volcanic archipelago, possibly hydrothermal activity in this deep ocean basin where seismic coverage is scarce, and low to medium frequency soundscapes. All data products and metadata are, as a baseline, encoded in an open-standard format, in agreement with GEOSS recommendations and interoperability guidelines.

Examples of publications based on data obtained by the infrastructure:
Del Río, J. & Delory, E. (2010) EARTHZINE, September 14th, 2010
L. Bermudez et al. (2009) MTS/IEEE OCEANS; MARINE TECHNOLOGY FOR OUR FUTURE: GLOBAL AND LOCAL CHALLENGES, 1-7

DESCRIPTION OF WORK
Modality of access under this proposal:
Duration of service: 3 years (starting project month 7). Service data will be discoverable, searchable and downloadable from on-line catalogues. Data products will be uploaded to server annually and open access.

CSIC will contribute to SA 17.2 as Third Party (TP) by providing Scientific-Technical IT Support and will hence receive parts of the total funds for SA 17.2 (see SA cost calculation sheets).

Support offered under this proposal:
The service provides seismic assessment and ocean soundscape features such as sound intensity and spectrum. Natural variation in long term trends of all measured phenomena including ocean noise and seafloor motions are evaluated. In year 3 of the project a broadband (120-240 s) OBS will be implemented in order
to assess its potential to find patterns of the local seismicity, mainly from volcanic sources. This additional service can further be used to provide constraints on the deeper crust and mantle structure from teleseismic earthquakes.
The service includes standard data Quality Control and formatting.

Outreach of new users:
ESTOC Observatory services outreach material will be synthesized and uploaded to the FixO3 web portal. The enhancement of the data services under FixO3 (implementation of QC and standard formatting according to SeaDataNet to facilitate use for the assessment of the state of the ocean at this strategic site; provision of standard formatted, machine readable data in near real-time for incorporation into operational models (e.g., myOcean) (COPERNICUS from 2014). These improvements are expected to significantly increase the use of the data produced at the ESTOC location. Services will be registered through GEOSS component and service registry, further facilitating use by a broader audience.

Person months per participant

Participant number Participant short name Person-month per participant
1 NERC 0.00
2 OGS 0.00
3 HCMR 0.00
5 UiB 0.00
7 PLOCEAN 0.00
8 AWI 0.00
11 IFREMER 0.00
12 BLIT 0.00
13 INGV 0.00
16 CNRS 0.00
20 IEO 0.00
22 INDP 0.00
27 CNR 0.00
TOTAL 0.00

List of deliverables

Deliverable Number Deliverable Title Lead beneficiary number Estimated indicative person- months Nature Dissemination level Delivery date

Schedule of relevant milestones

Milestone number Milestone name Lead beneficiary number Delivery date from Annex I Comments